By Birthdate

 Instrumentalists
Scott Joplin (1868–1917)
Charles “Buddy” Bolden (1877–1931)
Duke Ellington (1899–1974)
Louis Armstrong (1901–71)
Joe Venuti (1903–78)
Earl Hines (1903–83)
Fats Waller (1904–43)
Count Basie (1904–84)
Stéphane Grappelli (1908–97)
Benny Goodman (1909–86)
Art Tatum (1909–56)
Sun Ra (1914–93)
Ward Kimball (1914-2002)
Thelonious Monk (1917–82)
Dizzy Gillespie (1917–93)
Clark Terry (born 1920)
Charlie Parker (1920–55)
Dave Brubeck (1920-2012)
Charles Mingus (1922–79)
Oscar Peterson (1925–2007)
Miles Davis (1926–91)
John Coltrane (1926–67)
Gerry Mulligan (1927-96)
Chet Baker (1929–88)
Ornette Coleman (born 1930)
Wynton Marsalis (born 1961)

 

Vocalists
Louis Armstrong (1901–71)
Billie Holiday (1915–59)
Ella Fitzgerald (1917–96)
Dinah Washington (1924-63)
Sarah Vaughan (1924–90)
June Christy (1925-1990
Nina Simone (1933-2003)

                                     

Early Jazz Musicians
Louis Armstrong (1901–71)
Sidney Bechet (1897–1959)
Bix Beiderbecke (1903–31)
Buddy Bolden (1877–1930)
Earl Hines (1903–83)
Bunk Johnson (1879/1889–1949)
Nick LaRocca (1889–1961)
  & the members of the
  "Original Dixieland Jazz Band"
Jelly Roll Morton (1890–1941)
Red Nichols (1905–65)
Joe "King" Oliver (1885–1938)

 

Swing Era
Count Basie (1904–84)
Cab Calloway (1907–94)
Benny Carter (1907–2003)
Charlie Christian (1918–42)
Jimmy Dorsey (1904–57)
Tommy Dorsey (1905–56)
Duke Ellington (1899–1974)
Mickey Fields (1932-1995)
Benny Goodman (1909–86)
Coleman Hawkins (1904–69)
Fletcher Henderson (1897–1952)
Earl Hines (1903–83)
Johnny Hodges (1907–70)
Dick Johnson (1925–2010)
Jay McShann (1916–2006)
Glenn Miller (1904–44)
George Paxton (1914–89)
Artie Shaw (1910–2004)
Clark Terry (born 1920)
Fats Waller (1904–43)
Ben Webster (1909–73)
Paul Whiteman (1890–1967)
Lester Young (1909–59)

                                      Modern Innovators
Toshiko Akiyoshi (born 1929)
Chet Baker (1929–88)
Dave Brubeck (1920-2012)
Gary Burton (born 1943)
Ornette Coleman (born 1930)
John Coltrane (1926–67)
Chick Corea (born 1941)
Miles Davis (1926–91)
Paul Desmond (1924-77)
Bill Evans (1929–80)
Gil Evans (1912–88)
Maynard Ferguson (1928–2006)
Clare Fischer (1928-2012)
Dizzy Gillespie (1917–93)
Dexter Gordon (1923-90)
Stéphane Grappelli (1908–97)
Tigran Hamasyan (born 1987)
Chico Hamilton (1921-2013)
Herbie Hancock (born 1940)
Joe Harriott (1928–73)
Thad Jones (1923–86)
Milt Jackson (1923-99)
Stan Kenton (1911-79)
Mark Kramer (born 1945)
Fela Kuti (1938–97)
Shelly Manne (1920–84)
Frank Marocco (1931–2012)
Jackie McLean (1931–2006)
Charles Mingus (1922–79)
Marcus Miller (born 1959)
Thelonious Monk (1917–82)
Joe Morello (1928-2011)
Gerry Mulligan (1927–96)
Charlie Parker (1920–55)
Oscar Peterson (1925–2007)
Bud Powell (1924–66)
Louis Prima (1910–78)
Sun Ra (1914–93)
Max Roach (1924–2007)
Sonny Rollins (born 1930)
George Russell (1923-2009)
George Shearing (1919–2011)
Wayne Shorter (born 1933)
Peter Sprague (born 1955)
Sonny Stitt (1924–82)
Ira Sullivan (born 1931)
Cal Tjader (1925–82)
Clark Terry (born 1920)
Dhafer Youssef (born 1967)